04 August, 2011

SharePoint Interview Questions and Answers

What is SharePoint?
SharePoint is a browser based document collaboration platform given by Microsoft. Actually SharePoint is an application framework as much as it is an application as its own. It is a platform where user can share Data, Collaborate and people can also take this platform and customized platform as per their requirements.

What are some of the tools that can be used when backing up a SharePoint 2010 environment?
*      SharePoint farm backup and recovery
*      SQL Server

What are content types?
A content type is a flexible and reusable WSS type definition (or we can a template) that defines the columns and behavior for an item in a list or a document in a document library. For example, you can create a content type for a leave approval document with a unique set of columns, an event handler, and its own document template and attach it with document library/libraries.

What is the difference between a Site Definition and a Site Template?
Site Definitions are stored on the hard drive of the SharePoint front end servers. They are used by the SharePoint application to generate the sites users can create. Site Templates are created by users as a copy of a site they have configured and modified so that they do not have to recreate lists, libraries, views and columns every time they need a new instance of a site.

What are the types of input forms that can be created for a workflow?
You can create four different types of input forms including
1. An association form
2. An initiation form
3. A modification form
4. A task edit form.

What are the two different products in SharePoint 2010?
SharePoint 2010 has basically two different products namely SharePoint Foundation 2010 and SharePoint Server 2010.
*      SharePoint Foundation 2010 is a free version.
*      SharePoint Server 2010 is a paid version.
How to create a simple Website in SharePoint 2010?
In order to create a Website in SharePoint 2010, we need to use SharePoint 2010 Central Administration tool. As soon as you click on SharePoint 2010 Central Administration tool it will ask for credential do put your credential and you will directed to the SharePoint 2010 Central Administration screen. Now from the Application Management screen click on Manage web applications, as soon as you click on Manage web applications a new window will open, now from the top most left of the screen click on new menu, again a new window will pop-up of Create New Web Application which enables you to create new web application.
What are features of SharePoint 2010?
Features are:
*      Document Collaboration
*      Enterprise Search FAST Search
*      New Enhance Web Part
*      Silver Light web part
*      Business Connectivity Services
*      Social Media Investments
*      Large lists
*      Enhanced collaboration features
*      Visio Services
*      Usage reporting and logging
*      Better Network Differencing & SharePoint Offline in SharePoint Workspace
*      High Availability/ Disaster Recovery Innovation
*      Admin Insights through the Logging & Usage database, and dev dashboard
*      Service Applications
*      SharePoint Designer Enhancements like portable workflows, and granular delegation
*      Sandbox Solutions

Difference between Library vs List ?
Library is used to store the document and Lists are the container of similar items in form of rows and columns. In Library you can create core document like Word, Excel, and PowerPoint. But in List You cannot create document, instead of that you can attach document in a particular List.

What are content types?
A content type is a flexible and reusable WSS type definition (or we can a template) that defines the columns and behavior for an item in a list or a document in a document library. For example, you can create a content type for a leave approval document with a unique set of columns, an event handler, and its own document template and attach it with document library/libraries.

What is a Field Control?
Field controls are simple ASP.NET 2.0 server controls that provide the basic field functionality of SharePoint. They provide basic general functionality such as displaying or editing list data as it appears on SharePoint list pages.
How to create links to the mapped network drives?
Creating links to mapped drives in WSS v3 or MOSS 2007 can be done via
The new content type for .lnk files.
What are sites available in  SharePoint?
*      Team Site
*      Blank Site
*      Document Workspace
*      Blog
*      Group Work Site
*      Visio Process Repository
*      Basic Meeting Workspace
*      Blank Meeting Workspace
*      Decision Meeting Workspace
*      Social Meeting Workspace
*      Multipage Meeting Workspace
*      Assets Web Database
*      Charitable Contributions Web Database
*      Contacts Web Database
*      Issues Web Database
*      Projects Web Database
*      Document Center
*      Records Center
*      Business Intelligence Center
*      My Site Host
*      Personalization Site
*      Enterprise Search Center
*      Basic Search Center
*      FAST Search Center
*      Enterprise Wiki
*      Publishing Portal
*      Publishing Site
What is workspace?
A site or workspace is when you want a new place for collaborating on Web pages, lists and document libraries.
What are the types of authentication available for SharePoint 2010 ?
*      Claims
*      Windows
*      Forms-based authentication
What is the User Profile service?
Allows configuring and managing User profile properties, Audiences, Profile synchronization settings, organization browsing and management settings, and My Site settings
What is Performance Point Services?
Allows users to monitor and analyze a business by building dashboards, scorecards, and key performance indicators (KPIs).
What is the difference between Classic mode authentication and Claims-based authentication?
As the name implies, classic authentication supports NT authentication types like Kerberos, NTLM, Basic, Digest, and anonymous. Claims based authentication uses claims identities against a against a trusted identity provider.
What is Visio Services?
Allows users to share and view Microsoft Visio Web drawings. The service also enables data-connected Microsoft Visio 2010 Web drawings to be refreshed and updated from various data sources.

What is Access Services?
Allows users to edit, update, and create linked Microsoft Access 2010 databases that can be viewed and manipulated by using an internet browser, the Access client, or a linked HTML page.
What is Excel Services?
Allows sharing, securing, managing, and using Excel 2010 workbooks in a SharePoint Server Web site or document library. Excel Services consists of the Excel Calculation Services (ECS), Microsoft Excel Web Access (EWA), and Excel Web Services (EWS) components
What is the Secure Store Service (SSS)?
A secure database for storing credentials that are associated with application IDs
What are some useful, OOB features of SharePoint that aid with governance of an environment?
*      Site templates – consistent branding, site structure, and layout can be enforce a set of customizations that are applied to a site definition.
*      Quotas – limits to the amount of storage a site collection can use.
*      Locks - prevent users from either adding content to a site collection or using the site collection.
*      Web application permissions and policies – comprehensive security settings that apply to all users and groups for all site collections within a Web application.
*      Self-service site creation - enables users to create their own site collections, thus must be incorporated into a governance scheme.
Describe the monitoring features that are baked into SharePoint 2010.
Diagnostic logging captures data about the state of the system, whereas health and usage data collection uses specific timer jobs to perform monitoring tasks, collecting information about:
*      Performance Counter Fata
*      Event Log Data
*      Timer Service Data
*      Metrics For Site Collections and Sites
*      Search Usage Data
What are cmdlet's?
Windows PowerShell introduces the concept of a cmdlet which are simple build in commands, written in a .net language like C# or VB.
Where is Powershell located in sharePoint ?
On the Start menu, click All Programs -> Click Microsoft SharePoint 2010 Products -> Click SharePoint 2010 Management Shell.
What would you like to see in the next version of SharePoint?
*      SPS and STS on same machine
*      Tree view of Categories and Folders
*      General Discussion Web Part
*      Personalization of Dashboards
*      Role Customization
*      Email to say WHY a document has been rejected for Approval
*      More ways to customize the interface
*      Backup and restore an individual Workspaces
*      Filter for Visio
*      Better way to track activity on SPS
How can I make My site public?
By default, all sites are created private.If you want your site to be a public Web site, enable anonymous access for the entire site. Then you can give out your URL to anybody in yourbusiness card, e-mail or any other marketing material. The URL for your Web site will be:http:// yoursitename.wss.bcentral.com Hence, please take special care to name your site.These Web sites are ideal for information and knowledge intensive sites and/or sites where you need to have shared Web workspace.Remember: Under each parent Web site, you can create up to 10 sub-sites each with unique permissions, settings and security rights.
Which is faster a WebPart or a User Control?
A WebPart renders faster than a User Control. A User Control in SharePoint is usually loaded by a webpart which adds an overhead. User Controls however, gives you an Interface to add controls and styles.
If you have any queries/questions regarding the mentioned information then please let me know..
I would be more than HAPPY 2 HELP U as well as RESOLVES UR ISSUES :-)